Integrated Pest Management
Integrated Pest Management

Integrated Pest Management(IPM) refers to the integrated application of a combination of biological, biotechnological, chemical, physical, cultivation and/or plant selection measures in which the use of chemical protection products is limited to that strictly necessary in order to keep pests below the threshold of unacceptable damage. It involves a series of pest management evaluations, decisions and controls.

Integrated Pest Management

IPM programs use current, comprehensive information on the life cycles of pests and their interaction with the environment. This information, in combination with available pest control methods, is used to manage pest damage by the most economical means, and with the least possible hazard to people, property and the environment.

Integrated Pest Management is designed around the following components:

Acceptable pest levels: The emphasis is on control, not eradication. IPM holds that wiping out an entire pest population is often impossible, and the attempt can be expensive and environmentally unsafe. IPM programmes first work to establish acceptable pest levels, called action thresholds, and apply controls if those thresholds are crossed. These thresholds are pest and site specific
Preventive cultural practices: Selecting varieties best for local growing conditions, and maintaining healthy crops, is the first line of defense, together with plant quarantine and ‘cultural techniques’ such as crop sanitation
Monitoring: Regular observation is the cornerstone of Integrated Pest Management. Observation is broken into two steps, first; inspection and second; identification.
Mechanical Controls: Should a pest reach an unacceptable level, mechanical methods are the first options to consider
Biological Controls:Natural biological processes and materials can provide control, with minimal environmental impact, and often at low cost.The main focus here is on promoting beneficial insects that eat target pests. Biological insecticides, derived from naturally occurring microorganisms are included in this category
Responsible Pesticide Use:Synthetic pesticides are generally only used as required and often only at specific times in a pests life cycle.